Next.js & Cookies
How to work with cookies in Next.js
This tutorial assumes you have a Next.js project and are familiar with NPM and React. Final code example is available on g=Github https://github.com/zesty-io/livestream-examples/blob/main/nextjs-example-website/pages/cookie-example.js
What you'll learn in the Next.js Cookies Tutorial
  • What are cookies?
  • How set cookies with Next.js
  • How get cookies with Next.js
  • How to use cookies to personalize the page

What are Cookies?

Cookies are small data storage objects that can written to and accessed from the browser during a user session.
Cookies are used for tracking, personalization, app-memory, marketing recognition etc.. There isn't specific scope to which cookies can be used for. Common examples are tracking IDs, login session tokens, and filter option memory.

How to set cookies with Next.js

To access and write cookies in a Next.js React app, we are going to leverage the NPM package https://www.npmjs.com/package/cookies-next to cut down on writing custom code. Thank you https://github.com/andreizanik for the package!
To get started, install cookies-next using NPM or Yarn to your project.
npm install -s cookies-next
After installing cookies-next to your project, open up the Next.js /page component you want to test cookies in. We will test on homepage.js.
In this example, we will write the cookie using client side code, this will work for both static site generation and server side rendering. To run code after the DOM renders, we will use React's useEffect hook.
import { React, useEffect } from 'react'; // note adding useEffect
import { setCookie } from 'cookies-next'; // the package you installed
export default function Homepage({content}){
let sortFilterDefault = 'DESC'; // set up default value
// useEffect runs on the client after DOM renders
useEffect(() => {
setCookie('sort', sortFilterDefault );
})
// JSX output
return (
<div>
Header...
Body...
Footer...
</div>
);
}

How access (get) cookies with Next.js

To access the cookie we set, we will use both React's useEffect and React's useState hook connect values we extract from the client side to our JSX output. Nothing to install here as useHook and useEffect are both part of React.
A ternary conditional is used to use a fallback value if the cookie isn't set.
import { React, useEffect, useState} from 'react';
import { getCookie } from 'cookies-next';
export default function Homepage({content}){
let sortFilterDefault = 'DESC'; // set up default value
// Declare a new state variable, which we'll call "sortFilter"
// the inistial default value we pass is 'DESC' for decending sort
const [sortFilter, setSortFilter] = useState(sortFilterDefault);
useEffect(() => {
// using a ternary conditional to have a fallback value
let cookieValue = getCookie('sort') ? getCookie('sort') : sortFilterDefault ;
setSortFilter(cookieValue);
})
return (
<div>
Header...
<div>
Sort Filter Option: {sortFilter}
</div>
Footer...
</div>
);
}

Using cookies to personalize a Next.js page

Using the same example as above, we will leverage the written cookie value to change the presentation output, and also connect that change to a select input, which will update or write the cookie.
import { React, useEffect, useState } from 'react';
import { getCookie, setCookie } from 'cookies-next';
export default function Homepage({content}){
let sortFilterDefault = 'DESC'; // set up default value
// Declare a new state variable, which we'll call "sortFilter"
// the inistial default value we pass is 'DESC' for decending sort
const [sortFilter, setSortFilter] = useState(sortFilterDefault);
// function to use with select to set value
const handleChange = (event) => {
const sort = event.target.value;
setSortFilter(sort);
setCookie('sort', sort);
};
// client execution after dom renders
useEffect(() => {
// using a ternary conditional to have a fallback value
setSortFilter(getCookie('sort'));
})
return (
<div>
Header...
<div>
<select onChange={handleChange}>
<option value="ASC">Ascending</option>
<option value="DESC">Descending</option>
</select>
{sortFilter == 'ASC' && <table>
table data sorting ascending order
</table>}
{sortFilter == 'DESC' && <table>
table data sorting decending order
</table>}
</div>
Footer...
</div>
);
}